Iodine (I)

Sifat-Sifat Umum

Simbol I
Nomor Atom 53
Berat atom 126.90447
Kelompok
17 (keluarga florin)
VIIB (IUPAC), VIIA (CAS)
Solid, Insulator, Halogen, Nonmetal, Stable, Natural
Periode 5
Blok p

Media

Kepadatan 4.93 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 25.7 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.32 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 133 pm
Crust Abundance 0.000049%
Crystal Structure Orthorhombic
Color Slate Gray

Energi

Elektronegativitas 2.7 (Skala Pauling)
Afinitas Elektron 295.2 kJ/mol
Ionisasi Energi Pertama 1008 kJ/mol
ke-2 Ionization Energy 1845.9 kJ/mol
ke-3 Ionization Energy 3180 kJ/mol
Kapasitas Panas Spesifik 0.145 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivitas Termal 0.449 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Oksidasi

Kondisi Oksidisasi -1,+5,7
Elektron Setiap Kelopak 2 8 18 18 7
Konfigurasi Elektron [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p5
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿ 
5d
 
 
 
 
 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Keplanetan Model Bohr Iodine (I)
Diagram Dot Lewis Iodine (I)
Description
Shiny, black, non-metalic solid; as a gas it is violet and intensely irritating to the eyes, nose and throat.
Uses
Required in small amounts by humans. Once used as an antiseptic, but no longer due to its poisonous nature.
Sources
Occurs on land and in the sea in sodium and potassium compounds.
Pronounciation (English)
EYE-eh-dine

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Jodium
Aragonese Yodo
العربية يود
Armãneashte Iodu
asturianu Yodu
azərbaycan Yod
български Йод
বাংলা আয়োডিন
brezhoneg Iod
bosanski Jod
Byelorussian Ёд
Cebuano Yodo
čeština Jod
Chuvash Иод
Cymraeg Iode
dansk Jod
Deutsch Jod
Ελληνικά Ιωδιο
English Iodine
esperanto Jodo
español Yodo
eesti Jood
euskara Iodoa
فارسی ید
suomi Jodi
føroyskt Jod
français Iode
furlan Jodi
Frysk Joadium
Gaeilge Iaidín
Gàidhlig Ìodain
galego Iodo
ગુજરાતી આયોડિનનો
Gaelg Eeadeen
Hakka Chinese Tièn (碘)
עברית יוד
हिन्दी आयोडिन
hrvatski Jod
magyar Jód
հայերեն Յոդ
Indonesia Yodium
íslenska Joð
italiano Iodio
日本語 ヨウ素
ქართული იოდი
کٲشُر Jód
қазақ тілі Йод
한국어 요오드, 2아이오딘
kurdî İyot
Komi Йод
kernewek Eyodyn
кыргызча Йод
Latin Iodium
Lëtzebuergesch Jod
Lombard Jòdi
lingála Ide
lietuvių Jodas
latviešu Jods
Mari Йод
Māori Iodine
македонски Јод
മലയാളം അയോഡിന്‍
монгол Иод
Мокшан Йода
Melayu Iodin, ²Yodium
Malti Jodju
Nahuatl Yodo
Nederlands Jood
norsk Jod
Occitan Iòde
ирон Йод
polski Jod
português Iodo
Runasimi Yudu, ²Yodu
română Iod
русский Йод
slovenčina Jód
slovenščina Jod
Samoan Dyodi
Samogitian Juods
shqip Jod
српски Јод
Southern Sotho Ayotine
svenska Jod
Kiswahili Iodini, ²Aidini
தமிழ் அயடின்
тоҷикӣ Йод
ไทย ไอโอดีน
Türkçe İyod
ئۇيغۇرچە يود
українська Йод
o‘zbek Yod
Tiếng Việt Iot, Iođ
Võro Juut
中文

Sejarah

Ditemukan Di
1811
Ditemukan Oleh
Bernard Courtois
Ditemukan Pada
France
Asal Kata
From the Greek word "iodes" meaning "violet"