Krypton (Kr)

Sifat-Sifat Umum

Simbol Kr
Nomor Atom 36
Berat atom 83.798
Kelompok
18 (gas mulia atau keluarga helium/keluarga neon)
VIII (IUPAC), VIIIA (CAS)
Gas, Diamagnetic, Noble Gas, Nonmetal, Stable, Natural
Periode 4
Blok p

Media

Kepadatan 0.00374 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 32.2 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.03 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 110 pm
Crust Abundance 1.5E-8%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Colorless

Energi

Elektronegativitas 3.0 (Skala Pauling)
Afinitas Elektron 0 kJ/mol
Ionisasi Energi Pertama 1356 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 2350.4 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 3565 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 5070 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 6240 kJ/mol
ke6 Ionization Energy 7570 kJ/mol
ke7 Ionization Energy 10710 kJ/mol
ke8 Ionization Energy 12138 kJ/mol
ke9 Ionization Energy 22274 kJ/mol
ke10 Ionization Energy 25880 kJ/mol
ke11 Ionization Energy 29700 kJ/mol
ke12 Ionization Energy 33800 kJ/mol
ke13 Ionization Energy 37700 kJ/mol
ke14 Ionization Energy 43100 kJ/mol
ke15 Ionization Energy 47500 kJ/mol
ke16 Ionization Energy 52200 kJ/mol
ke17 Ionization Energy 57100 kJ/mol
ke18 Ionization Energy 61800 kJ/mol
ke19 Ionization Energy 75800 kJ/mol
ke20 Ionization Energy 80400 kJ/mol
ke21 Ionization Energy 85300 kJ/mol
ke22 Ionization Energy 90400 kJ/mol
ke23 Ionization Energy 96300 kJ/mol
ke24 Ionization Energy 101400 kJ/mol
ke25 Ionization Energy 111100 kJ/mol
ke26 Ionization Energy 116290 kJ/mol
ke27 Ionization Energy 282500 kJ/mol
ke28 Ionization Energy 296200 kJ/mol
ke29 Ionization Energy 311400 kJ/mol
ke30 Ionization Energy 326200 kJ/mol
Kapasitas Panas Spesifik 0.248 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivitas Termal 0.00949 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Oksidasi

Kondisi Oksidisasi 0
Elektron Setiap Kelopak 2 8 18 8
Konfigurasi Elektron [Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Keplanetan Model Bohr Krypton (Kr)
Diagram Dot Lewis Krypton (Kr)
Description
Colorless, odorless, tasteless rare noble gas.
Uses
Used in lighting products. Some is used as inert filler-gas in incandescent bulbs. Some is mixed with argon in fluorescent lamps. The most important use is in flashing stroboscopic lamps that outline airport runways.
Sources
Forms 1 millionth of the atmosphere. Obtained from production of liquid air.
Pronounciation (English)
KRIP-ton

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Occitan Cripton
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polski Krypton
português Krípton
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română Kripton
русский Криптон
slovenčina Kryptón
slovenščina Kripton
Samoan Kryptoni
Samogitian Kriptuons
shqip Kripton, ²Kryptoni
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Southern Sotho Kriptone
svenska Krypton
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中文

Sejarah

Ditemukan Di
1898
Ditemukan Oleh
Sir William Ramsay, Morris W. Travers
Ditemukan Pada
Great Britain
Asal Kata
From the Greek word "kryptos" meaning "hidden"