Lithium (Li)

Sifat-Sifat Umum

Simbol Li
Nomor Atom 3
Berat atom 6.941
Kelompok
1 (keluarga logam alkali atau hidrogen/keluarga litium)
IA (IUPAC), IA (CAS)
Solid, Paramagnetic, Conductor, Alkali Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Periode 2
Blok s

Media

Kepadatan 0.543 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 13.1 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.55 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 134 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0017%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Body centered
Color Silver

Energi

Elektronegativitas 1.0 (Skala Pauling)
Afinitas Elektron 59.6 kJ/mol
Ionisasi Energi Pertama 520 kJ/mol
ke-2 Ionization Energy 7298.1 kJ/mol
ke-3 Ionization Energy 11815.0 kJ/mol
Kapasitas Panas Spesifik 3.582 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivitas Termal 84.7 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Oksidasi

Kondisi Oksidisasi 1
Elektron Setiap Kelopak 2 1
Konfigurasi Elektron [He] 2s1
1s2 2s1
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿ 
2p
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Keplanetan Model Bohr Lithium (Li)
Diagram Dot Lewis Lithium (Li)
Description
Soft silvery-white metal. Lightest of metals. Accounts for only 0.0007% of the earth's crust.
Uses
Used in batteries. Also for certain kinds of glass and ceramics. Some is used in lubricants.
Sources
Obtained by passing electric charge through melted lithium chloride and from the silicate mineral called spodumene [LiAl(Si2O6)].
Pronounciation (English)
LITH-i-em

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Litium
Aragonese Litio
العربية ليثيوم
Armãneashte Litiumu
asturianu Litiu
azərbaycan Litium
български Литий
বাংলা লিথিয়াম
brezhoneg Litiom
bosanski Litij[um]
Byelorussian Літый
Cebuano Litio
čeština Lithium
Chuvash Лити
Cymraeg Liti
dansk Lithium
Deutsch Lithium
Ελληνικά Λιθιο
English Lithium
esperanto Litio
español Lítio
eesti Liitium
euskara Litioa
فارسی لیتیم
suomi Litium
føroyskt Lithium
français Lithium
furlan Liti
Frysk Lithium
Gaeilge Litiam
Gàidhlig Litiam
galego Litio
ગુજરાતી લિથિયમનો
Gaelg Litçhey
Hakka Chinese Lî (鋰)
עברית ליתיום
हिन्दी लिथियम
hrvatski Litij
magyar Lítium
հայերեն Լիթիում
Indonesia Litium
íslenska Litín, ²Liþín
italiano Litio
日本語 リチウム
ქართული ლიტიუმი
کٲشُر Lët
қазақ тілі Литий
한국어 리튬
kurdî Lîtyûm
Komi Литий
kernewek Lythyum
кыргызча Литий
Latin Lithium
Lëtzebuergesch Lithium
Lombard Líti
lingála Litu
lietuvių Litis
latviešu Litijs
Mari Литий
Māori Lithium
македонски Литиум
മലയാളം ലിഥിയം
монгол Лити
Мокшан Лити
Melayu Litium
Malti Litju[m]
Nahuatl Litio
Nederlands Lithium
norsk Litium
Occitan Liti
ирон Литий
polski Lit
português Lítio
Runasimi Lityu
română Litiu
русский Литий
slovenčina Litium
slovenščina Litij
Samoan Litimi
Samogitian Lėtis
shqip Litium
српски Литијум
Southern Sotho Litiamo
svenska Litium
Kiswahili Lithi
தமிழ் லித்தியம்
тоҷикӣ Литий
ไทย ลิเทียม
Türkçe Lityum
ئۇيغۇرچە لىتىي
українська Літій
o‘zbek Litiy
Tiếng Việt Lithi, Liti
Võro Liitium
中文

Sejarah

Ditemukan Di
1817
Ditemukan Oleh
Johan August Arfvedson
Ditemukan Pada
Stockholm, Sweden
Asal Kata
From the Greek word "lithos" meaning "stone"