Nickel (Ni)

Sifat-Sifat Umum

Simbol Ni
Nomor Atom 28
Berat atom 58.6934
Kelompok
10 (keluarga nikel)
VIIIA (IUPAC), VIII (CAS)
Solid, Ferromagnetic, Conductor, Transition Metal, Metal, Stable, Natural
Periode 4
Blok d

Media

Kepadatan 8.9 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 6.6 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.24 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 121 pm
Crust Abundance 0.0089%
Crystal Structure Cubic: Face centered
Color Gray

Energi

Elektronegativitas 1.9 (Skala Pauling)
Afinitas Elektron 112 kJ/mol
Ionisasi Energi Pertama 737 kJ/mol
ke2 Ionization Energy 1753.0 kJ/mol
ke3 Ionization Energy 3395 kJ/mol
ke4 Ionization Energy 5300 kJ/mol
ke5 Ionization Energy 7339 kJ/mol
ke6 Ionization Energy 10400 kJ/mol
ke7 Ionization Energy 12800 kJ/mol
ke8 Ionization Energy 15600 kJ/mol
ke9 Ionization Energy 18600 kJ/mol
ke10 Ionization Energy 21670 kJ/mol
ke11 Ionization Energy 30970 kJ/mol
ke12 Ionization Energy 34000 kJ/mol
ke13 Ionization Energy 37100 kJ/mol
ke14 Ionization Energy 41500 kJ/mol
ke15 Ionization Energy 44800 kJ/mol
ke16 Ionization Energy 48100 kJ/mol
ke17 Ionization Energy 55101 kJ/mol
ke18 Ionization Energy 58570 kJ/mol
ke19 Ionization Energy 148700 kJ/mol
ke20 Ionization Energy 159000 kJ/mol
ke21 Ionization Energy 169400 kJ/mol
ke22 Ionization Energy 182700 kJ/mol
ke23 Ionization Energy 194000 kJ/mol
ke24 Ionization Energy 205600 kJ/mol
ke25 Ionization Energy 221400 kJ/mol
ke26 Ionization Energy 231490 kJ/mol
ke27 Ionization Energy 992718 kJ/mol
ke28 Ionization Energy 1039668 kJ/mol
Kapasitas Panas Spesifik 0.444 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivitas Termal 90.7 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Oksidasi

Kondisi Oksidisasi +2,3
Elektron Setiap Kelopak 2 8 16 2
Konfigurasi Elektron [Ar] 3d8 4s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d8 4s2
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿ 
↿ 
4s
↿⇂
4p
 
 
 
4d
 
 
 
 
 
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Keplanetan Model Bohr Nickel (Ni)
Description
Hard, malleable, silvery-white metal. Found in the earth's crust in portions averaging 70 ppm. It can be polished to a lustrous finish. Virtually no corrosion under normal conditions.
Uses
Used in electroplating and metal alloys because of its resistance to corrosion. Also in nickel-cadmium batteries; as a catalyst and for coins.
Sources
Chiefly found in pentlandite [(Ni,Fe)9S8] ore. The metal is produced by heating the ore in a blast furnace which replaces the sulfur with oxygen. The oxides are then treated with an acid that reacts with the iron not the nickel.
Pronounciation (English)
NIK-l

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Nikkel
Aragonese Níquel
العربية نيكل
Armãneashte Nichelu
asturianu Níquel
azərbaycan dili Nikel
български Никел
বাংলা নিকেল
brezhoneg Nikel
bosanski Nikl, ²Nikal
Byelorussian Нікель
Cebuano Nikel
čeština Nikl, Pochvistík†
Chuvash Никель
Cymraeg Níquel
dansk Nikkel
Deutsch Nickel
Ελληνικά Νικελιο
English Nickel
esperanto Nikelo
español Níquel
eesti Nikkel
euskara Nikela
فارسی نیکل
suomi Nikkeli
føroyskt Nikkul
français Nickel
furlan Nichel
West-Frysk Nikkel
Gaeilge Nicil
Gàidhlig Nicil
galego Níquel
ગુજરાતી નિકલનો
Gaelg Nickyl
Hakka Chinese Ngiap (鎳)
עברית ניקל
हिन्दी निकेल
hrvatski Nikal
magyar Nikkel
հայերեն Նիկել
Indonesia Nikel
íslenska Nikull
italiano Nichelio
日本語 ニッケル
ქართული ნიკელი
کٲشُر Nikel
қазақ тілі Никель
한국어 니켈
Kurdish Nîkel
Komi Никель
kernewek Nykel
кыргызча Никель
Latin Niccolum
Lëtzebuergesch Nickel
Lombard Níchel
lingála Nikɛ́li
lietuvių Nikelis
latviešu Niķelis
Mari Никель
Maori Konukōreko
македонски Никел
മലയാളം നിക്കല്
монгол Никель
Мокшан Никиль
Bahasa Melayu Nikel
Malti Nikil
Nahuatl Iztāctepoztli
Nederlands Nikkel
norsk Nikkel
Occitan Niquèl
ирон Згъæры мыггаг
polski Nikiel
português Níquel
Runasimi Nikil
română Nichel
русский Никель
slovenčina Nikel
slovenščina Nikelj
Samoan Niklimi
Samogitian Nėkelis
shqip Nikel, ²Nikli
српски Никал
Southern Sotho Nikele
svenska Nickel
Kiswahili Nikeli
தமிழ் நிக்கல்
Tajik Никел
ไทย นิกเกิล
Türkçe Nikel
ئۇيغۇرچە نىكېل
українська Нікель
o‘zbek Nikel
Tiếng Việt Nikel
Võro Nikli
中文

Sejarah

Ditemukan Di
1751
Ditemukan Oleh
Axel Fredrik Cronstedt
Ditemukan Pada
Sweden
Asal Kata
From the German word "kupfernickel" meaning Devil's copper or St Nicholas's (Old Nick's) copper