Antimony (Sb)

Sifat-Sifat Umum

Simbol Sb
Nomor Atom 51
Berat atom 121.76
Kelompok
15 (keluarga nitrogen)
VB (IUPAC), VA (CAS)
Solid, Diamagnetic, Conductor, Metal, Stable, Natural, Metalloid
Periode 5
Blok p

Media

Kepadatan 6.69 g/cm3
Isipadu Atom 18.4 cm3/mole
Radius Atom 1.59 angstroms
Radius Kovalen 138 pm
Crust Abundance 0.00002%
Crystal Structure Rhombohedral
Color Silver

Energi

Elektronegativitas 2.1 (Skala Pauling)
Afinitas Elektron 103.2 kJ/mol
Ionisasi Energi Pertama 834 kJ/mol
ke-2 Ionization Energy 1594.9 kJ/mol
ke-3 Ionization Energy 2440 kJ/mol
ke-4 Ionization Energy 4260 kJ/mol
ke-5 Ionization Energy 5400 kJ/mol
ke-6 Ionization Energy 10400 kJ/mol
Kapasitas Panas Spesifik 0.207 J g−1 K−1
Konduktivitas Termal 24.3 W·m−1·K−1

Elektron & Oksidasi

Kondisi Oksidisasi +3,5
Elektron Setiap Kelopak 2 8 18 18 5
Konfigurasi Elektron [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p3
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p3
Diagram Orbital
1s
↿⇂
2s
↿⇂
2p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3s
↿⇂
3p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
3d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4s
↿⇂
4p
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4d
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
↿⇂
4f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5s
↿⇂
5p
↿ 
↿ 
↿ 
5d
 
 
 
 
 
5f
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Nuclear

Radioaktif Tidak

Media

Keplanetan Model Bohr Antimony (Sb)
Diagram Dot Lewis Antimony (Sb)
Description
Hard, brittle, silvery-white semimetal.
Uses
It is alloyed with other metals to increase their hardness. Also in the manufacture of a few special types of semiconductor devices. Also in plastics and chemicals. A few kinds of over-the-counter cold and flu remedies use antimony compounds.
Sources
Found in stibnite (Sb2S3) and in valentinite (Sb2O3).
Pronounciation (English)
AN-teh-MOH-ni

Terjemahan

Afrikaans Antimoon
Aragonese Antimonio
العربية انتيمون
Armãneashte Antimonu
asturianu Antimoniu
azərbaycan Stibium
български Антимон
বাংলা অ্যান্টিমনি
brezhoneg Antimoan
bosanski Antimon
Byelorussian Сурма
Cebuano Antimonyo
čeština Antimon
Chuvash Сурьма
Cymraeg Antimoni
dansk Antimon
Deutsch Antimon
Ελληνικά Αντιμονιο
English Antimony
esperanto Antimono
español Antimonio
eesti Antimon
euskara Antimonioa
فارسی آنتیموان
suomi Antimoni
føroyskt Antimon
français Antimoine
furlan Antimoni
Frysk Antimoon
Gaeilge Antamón
Gàidhlig Antamòn
galego Antimonio
ગુજરાતી ઍન્ટિમનીનો
Gaelg Antimoan
Hakka Chinese Thi (銻)
עברית אנטימון
हिन्दी एन्टिमोनी
hrvatski Antimon
magyar Antimon
հայերեն Ծարիր
Indonesia Antimon
íslenska Antímon
italiano Antimonio
日本語 アンチモン アンチモカ
ქართული სტიიუმი
کٲشُر Antimón
қазақ тілі Сурьма
한국어 안티몬, 2안티모니
kurdî Stîbyûm
Komi Сурьма
kernewek Antymony
кыргызча Сурьма
Latin Stibium
Lëtzebuergesch Antimon
Lombard Antimòni
lingála Antimoni
lietuvių Stibis
latviešu Antimons
Mari Сурма
Māori Antimony
македонски Антимон
മലയാളം ആന്റിമണി
монгол Сурьма
Мокшан Сурьма
Melayu Antimoni
Malti Antimoni, ²Antimonju
Nahuatl Antimonio
Nederlands Antimoon
norsk Antimon
Occitan Antimòni
ирон Сурьма
polski Antymon
português Antimónio
Runasimi Antimunyu
română Antimoniu, ²Stibiu
русский Сурьма
slovenčina Antimón
slovenščina Antimon
Samoan Antimonimi
Samogitian Stėbis
shqip Antimon
српски Антимон
Southern Sotho Antimoni
svenska Antimon
Kiswahili Stibi
தமிழ் அந்திமன்
тоҷикӣ Сурма
ไทย พลวง
Türkçe Antimon
ئۇيغۇرچە سۈرمە
українська Сурма
o‘zbek Surma
Tiếng Việt Antimon
Võro Antimon
中文

Sejarah

Ditemukan Di
Ditemukan Oleh
Ditemukan Pada
Asal Kata
From the Greek words "anti + monos" meaning "not alone" (the origin of the symbol Sb comes from the Latin word "stibium")